Kemi Adebantu look at the dark clouds gathering at sky with a feeling of anticipation. It is about to rain in her one acre farm in Alamala, Ogun state Nigeria, that desperately needs it. The previous months has been dry, a strange occurrence during the peak of the rainy season , but in just the past few days, the skies have started opening up again. Kemi’s maize crops are still maturing, and they may be able to escape permanent damage, as long as the rains continue through the rest of the next month.
“Two or three weeks without rain would have been worse,” says, a single mother who supports a family of five with the income from her small farm. “Now, we just pray that the harvest will be enough.”
Uncertainty is a feeling that Kemi has gotten used to, because it’s the Fourth consecutive year that weather problems have threatened her family’s livelihood. Last year, her harvest was smaller than normal because the rains arrived later than expected.
“My whole life growing up, the rains always came at a certain time,” Kemi remembers. “The weather is more difficult to predict now than before.
It is no longer news how climate change is affecting African farmers most especially West and East Africa leading to food insecurity and lower source of income for small holder farmers . Global greenhouse gas emissions has been being major contributor to climate changes with sub-Saharan African country at the epicenter.
Over the last decades African farmers has been experience Heatwaves, floods and long drought season even during the heart of rainy season causing a multiplier negative effect in food production.
Unless humans take Important steps to reverse cut greenhouse gas emissions, the situation may continue to intensify. No one knows for sure what impact this will have on future food supplies, but models by the International Food Policy Research Institute estimate that global maize production could shrink 24 percent by 2050.
Creating alternative source of water for irrigation, agricultural training for small hold farmers can help improve crop yields. and sometimes. At Agro Empire Estate, we’re working on a number of efforts to help farmers and new entrants mitigate and adapt to climate change. This includes training on sustainable farming methods that can benefit soils, providing farmers with crop insurance as a buffer against weather volatility, and building artificial dam or water Harvester for cheaper alternative source of water.
Governments, institutions, and private sector groups need to include support for smallholders in their wider efforts to combat climate change. Enabling farmers to access the financing, tools, and training they need will help ensure that millions of rural families can sustainably harvest crops through the years to come