INTRODUCTION

Cattle fattening is a processing on feeding a special diet and supplements to some selected cross-breed cows under semi-intensive systems (feedlots) to encourage rapid weight gain. A bull in fattening will require roughly 3% (body weight of the bull) of forage/grass a day, a lot of water and supplements.

The average daily weight gain of a cross breed on a grass-fed ration is 0.5 to 0.7 kg per day. When supplemented with grains it is 0.7 to 1kg per day.

The Lagos State Government in April 2021 said residents of the state consume 1.8 million heads of cattle annually that is over 6,000 cows on a daily basis. This is according to the Commissioner for Agriculture, Abisola Olusanya, who disclosed this during an interview on Channels Television’s Sunrise Daily.

The rising cost of beef, with over 25 per cent price increase in the last one-year, has forced many to seek alternatives. Despite the fact that a good number of Nigerians have cut down on beef intake, it is still beyond the reach of those who still have it as part of their menu.

Just last year, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, raised alarm that the country might, in the near future, suffer scarcity of cow meat, which he attributed to the quantum of cows consumed daily without commensurate calving (reproduction of young cows).

 Beef production about 30% of the country’s meat consumption and are therefore a critical and important part of assuring Nigeria’s food security.

The problem in the beef value-chain has been attributed to many factors, which include intensification of the Boko Haram crisis in the Northeast, forcing nomadic Fulani herdsmen to abandon their foraging grounds; climate change, causing desertification in the far north; and high cost of transportation, among other factors.

Although it cannot be ruled out that Nigeria’s cattle are a key part of its food security, events that have occurred over the last five years have strained the relationship between nomadic herdsmen and the communities along old grazing routes followed by herdsmen, another factor responsible for the development.

CONTRIBUTING TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM

Our CATTLE VILLAGE is sited on 50 acres expanse of land at Agro Empire Estate, Alamala, Abeokuta-North, Ogun State designed to be semi-intensive that will accommodate more than 5000 cows.

We are starting with fattening of cross-breeds and selling to the market at maturity before we venture into reproduction (breeding) of calves to grow the numbers of herds at the cattle village.

The ranch will provide access to Water, Grazing areas, Feeds and supplements, Housing, Vaccination, Security and Market for interested corporative members who are interested to be their own ranch in the Cattle Village and we also provide management support for those who want us to help them manage their cows.

HOUSING & PERIMETER FENCING

The cows will only require a strong perimeter wooden fence or mesh fencing with sheds that serves as where they take shelter.  However, it would be affordable, we believe in spending more on buying cattle fattening than expending heavily on housing.

The method of housing will serve the following purpose;

  • Security
  • Shelter
  • Safety against cattle rustlers and grazing in another farms

MEDICATION

Just like other livestock, Cattles need frequent vaccination to keep them healthy at all times, deworming the herds is important to enable them covert their feeds to meat optimally. Other diseases like Anthrax, Arboviruses, Piroplasmosis, Tuberculosis, Dermatophilosis, Blackquarter, Colibacillosis, frequent vaccination helps prevent such diseases and viruses.

We also take cognizance of cleanliness of the ranch at all times so that pathogens and diseases carrying agents are not found in the ranch.

 

FEEDING

This is one of the most important aspects in cattle fattening, at the Cattle Village, Hectares of land will be developed to ensure cattle can grazing within their housing area.

The feeding will not only be limited to pasturing only to enhance growth for the cattle within the window of the fattening period, we are going complement with concentrate feeds like spent grains, Palm Kernel Cake, Wheat Offal, Maize, Sorghum etc. These supplements contain a lot of proteins needed to speedup growth to the desirable market size.

BREED TYPE

We have a couple of breeds in Nigeria, like Bokolo, Sokoto Gudali, White Fulani, Bokoloji, Mutaru, N’dama and many more.

Other Foreign Breeds that have acclimatized with the Nigerian weather includes Frisian, Bosmara breed, and Brahman breeds have proven to be cross-breeded with our indigenous breeds to produce calves with high dual advantage of Meat and Dairy production over the years. Artificial insemination (AI) is a cheaper way to cross breed since importing these breeds are very expensive for a small holder farmer.

At the Cattle village we would have a research section that is designed to improve the genetics of our indigenous breeds.

Cattles are breed for either Diary or Meat production, our indigenous breeds are not prolific milk producers expected when we cross-breed with foreign breeds. Sokoto Gudali has a dual advantage it can be used for meat and dairy.

Selecting a breed is the first step to ensuring that you make profit from cattle farming, we have identified some prolific breeds that would be used for fattening at the Cattle Village.

SECURITY

Cattle rustling has been the bane for cattle farmers for ages, these has made cattle farmers more security conscious about their herds.

At the Cattle Village, aside from perimeter fencing that restricts the cattle from going far from the environs and also preventing outsiders to come in without prior notice, we have a standby security that will be in charge of securing the place especially at night time.

Other security measures are insuring the herds against death from diseases and pest attack.

INSURANCE

Each member’s cows will be insured against diseases and theft to protect the investment of the cooperative members. Their assets will be insured in their name, insurance is usually 3.5-4% of the total production cost.

MARKET

Beef demand is high especially in Ogun and Lagos state on a daily basis, we creating several market channels both in the open and off-takers. The market is always guaranteed.

WHAT THE COOPERATIVE WOULD BE PROVIDING

Agro Revolution Movement International Multipurpose Cooperative Society, will provide the following for her members

  • Land: members will lease the land for 10 years
  • Technical & Advisory support: The technical team from Institute of Agriculture Research and Training (IART) and Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) they will be saddle with the responsibility of training the members and also coming up with a feasible and affordable cost for making a ranch from the plot leased by the cooperative members.

The collective agreed by the cooperative members is what will be paid by each member as a start-up capital for the cattle ranching business.

  • Trainings: the cooperative will also provide training in different areas of agriculture that will be of great benefit to her members.
  • Farm management Support: the cooperative will also render farm management support for her members who need such services from us, we would be saddled with the responsibility to manage the farm on a daily basis and give frequent report to the land owners.
  • Market: The Cooperative will help members create market for their cows at maturity; there is high demand of beef in Lagos and Ogun state. Members do not need to worry about market of their produce.

HOW IT WORKS

Agriculture as we know is not a get rich quick scheme, it is highly profitable if manage well and also comes with it challenges.

An average of 60kg cows will be purchased and fattened between 6 – 8 month or when it has gotten to a sizeable weight that would be profitable when sold.

 The cooperative only charges 30% on profit her members’ take 70%

Capital Asset for each Cooperative Member

ITEMS

Unit Price

Land Purchase for 10 years

150,000

Cooperative Membership

10,000

Perimeter fencing/Shed

40,000

Accommodation/Security

15,000

Water    

10,000

Land Clearing

10,000

1 Cross breed Calf

100,000

Vaccination

10,000

Logistics

10,000

Grazing Area

10,000

Labour

15,000

Insurance

10,000

Formulated feed

20,000

Total

400,000

A plot ranch can take more than 5 cows for more profit; we encourage cooperative members to buy more than one cow, although some cost will slightly increase while others remain the same. Cost like formulated fees, logistics, Insurance and Vaccination may have slight increase depending on the numbers of cows an individual wants to fatten.

The cooperative will also allow 60% down payment of the total cost and the remaining 40% will be paid in instalment within 3 months without any extra charges.

RETURN ON INVESTMENT

Depending on the season the price of a matured cow of 150 to 200kg sells between 200,000 to 250,000 naira.

At the selling price of 200,000

  • 1 cow sells at 200,000 naira
  • 5 cows sells at 1,000,000 naira

At the Selling price of 250,000 naira

  • 1 cow sells at 250,000
  • 5 cows sells at 1,250,000 naira

HOW YOU CAN YOU BECOME PART OF THIS PROJECT

  • Register with 10,000 and pay the startup capital of 400,000.
  • The company through its cooperative set you’re your ranch for you ( at least 20 members are needed to kick off the project)
  • Individual are encourage to get more than one cow to maximize their ranch
  • The company via its cooperative manages cows for 6- 8 months or when it gets to a sizeable weight.
  • The ranch is open for visit.
  • Farm management agreement will be prepared by our legal team which would be signed by cooperative members

 

For more info:

Reach us @ our office: Road 5, Block J231, Ikota Shopping Complex VGC

Call: 08165040057

Email: admin@armi.com.ng