Cattle fattening is a processing on feeding a special diet and supplements to some selected cross-breed cows under semi-intensive systems (feedlots) to encourage rapid weight gain. A bull in fattening will require roughly 3% (body weight of the bull) of forage/grass a day, a lot of water and supplements.
The average daily weight gain of a cross breed on a grass-fed ration is 0.5 to 0.7 kg per day. When supplemented with grains it is 0.7 to 1kg per day.
The Lagos State Government in April 2021 said residents of the state consume 1.8 million heads of cattle annually that is over 6,000 cows on a daily basis. This is according to the Commissioner for Agriculture, Abisola Olusanya, who disclosed this during an interview on Channels Television’s Sunrise Daily.
The rising cost of beef, with over 25 per cent price increase in the last one-year, has forced many to seek alternatives. Despite the fact that a good number of Nigerians have cut down on beef intake, it is still beyond the reach of those who still have it as part of their menu.
Just last year, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, raised alarm that the country might, in the near future, suffer scarcity of cow meat, which he attributed to the quantum of cows consumed daily without commensurate calving (reproduction of young cows).
Beef production about 30% of the country’s meat consumption and are therefore a critical and important part of assuring Nigeria’s food security.
The problem in the beef value-chain has been attributed to many factors, which include intensification of the Boko Haram crisis in the Northeast, forcing nomadic Fulani herdsmen to abandon their foraging grounds; climate change, causing desertification in the far north; and high cost of transportation, among other factors.
Although it cannot be ruled out that Nigeria’s cattle are a key part of its food security, events that have occurred over the last five years have strained the relationship between nomadic herdsmen and the communities along old grazing routes followed by herdsmen, another factor responsible for the development.
Our CATTLE VILLAGE is sited on 50 acres expanse of land at Agro Empire Estate, Alamala, Abeokuta-North, Ogun State designed to be semi-intensive that will accommodate more than 5000 cows.
We are starting with fattening of cross-breeds and selling to the market at maturity before we venture into reproduction (breeding) of calves to grow the numbers of herds at the cattle village.
The ranch will provide access to Water, Grazing areas, Feeds and supplements, Housing, Vaccination, Security and Market for interested corporative members who are interested to be their own ranch in the Cattle Village and we also provide management support for those who want us to help them manage their cows.
HOUSING & PERIMETER FENCING
The cows will only require a strong perimeter wooden fence or mesh fencing with sheds that serves as where they take shelter. However, it would be affordable, we believe in spending more on buying cattle fattening than expending heavily on housing.
The method of housing will serve the following purpose;
Just like other livestock, Cattles need frequent vaccination to keep them healthy at all times, deworming the herds is important to enable them covert their feeds to meat optimally. Other diseases like Anthrax, Arboviruses, Piroplasmosis, Tuberculosis, Dermatophilosis, Blackquarter, Colibacillosis, frequent vaccination helps prevent such diseases and viruses.
We also take cognizance of cleanliness of the ranch at all times so that pathogens and diseases carrying agents are not found in the ranch.
This is one of the most important aspects in cattle fattening, at the Cattle Village, Hectares of land will be developed to ensure cattle can grazing within their housing area.
The feeding will not only be limited to pasturing only to enhance growth for the cattle within the window of the fattening period, we are going complement with concentrate feeds like spent grains, Palm Kernel Cake, Wheat Offal, Maize, Sorghum etc. These supplements contain a lot of proteins needed to speedup growth to the desirable market size.
We have a couple of breeds in Nigeria, like Bokolo, Sokoto Gudali, White Fulani, Bokoloji, Mutaru, N’dama and many more.
Other Foreign Breeds that have acclimatized with the Nigerian weather includes Frisian, Bosmara breed, and Brahman breeds have proven to be cross-breeded with our indigenous breeds to produce calves with high dual advantage of Meat and Dairy production over the years. Artificial insemination (AI) is a cheaper way to cross breed since importing these breeds are very expensive for a small holder farmer.
At the Cattle village we would have a research section that is designed to improve the genetics of our indigenous breeds.
Cattles are breed for either Diary or Meat production, our indigenous breeds are not prolific milk producers expected when we cross-breed with foreign breeds. Sokoto Gudali has a dual advantage it can be used for meat and dairy.
Selecting a breed is the first step to ensuring that you make profit from cattle farming, we have identified some prolific breeds that would be used for fattening at the Cattle Village.
Cattle rustling has been the bane for cattle farmers for ages, these has made cattle farmers more security conscious about their herds.
At the Cattle Village, aside from perimeter fencing that restricts the cattle from going far from the environs and also preventing outsiders to come in without prior notice, we have a standby security that will be in charge of securing the place especially at night time.
Other security measures are insuring the herds against death from diseases and pest attack.
Each member’s cows will be insured against diseases and theft to protect the investment of the cooperative members. Their assets will be insured in their name, insurance is usually 3.5-4% of the total production cost.
Beef demand is high especially in Ogun and Lagos state on a daily basis, we creating several market channels both in the open and off-takers. The market is always guaranteed.
Agro Revolution Movement International Multipurpose Cooperative Society, will provide the following for her members
The collective agreed by the cooperative members is what will be paid by each member as a start-up capital for the cattle ranching business.
HOW IT WORKS
Agriculture as we know is not a get rich quick scheme, it is highly profitable if manage well and also comes with it challenges.
An average of 60kg cows will be purchased and fattened between 6 – 8 month or when it has gotten to a sizeable weight that would be profitable when sold.
The cooperative only charges 30% on profit her members’ take 70%
Capital Asset for each Cooperative Member
Land Purchase for 10 years
1 Cross breed Calf
A plot ranch can take more than 5 cows for more profit; we encourage cooperative members to buy more than one cow, although some cost will slightly increase while others remain the same. Cost like formulated fees, logistics, Insurance and Vaccination may have slight increase depending on the numbers of cows an individual wants to fatten.
The cooperative will also allow 60% down payment of the total cost and the remaining 40% will be paid in instalment within 3 months without any extra charges.
RETURN ON INVESTMENT
Depending on the season the price of a matured cow of 150 to 200kg sells between 200,000 to 250,000 naira.
At the selling price of 200,000
At the Selling price of 250,000 naira
HOW YOU CAN YOU BECOME PART OF THIS PROJECT